Transfromación de la costa de Slussen

Slussen masterplan, Berg Arkitektkontor + Foster & Partners

Por Marcelo Gardinetti

Fotografía: Berg Arkitektkontor / Foster & Partners

agosto de 2012

El estudio Sueco Berg Arkitektkontor en colaboración con el estudio Britanico Foster & Partners fueron seleccionados para la elaboración de un Plan Maestro para la transformación de la costa de Slussen, en el centro de Estocolmo, Suecia. La propuesta intenta vincular las islas de Södermalm y Gamla Stan, y darle una actividad social a la abandonada zona costera. El plan elimina gran parte de las avenidas que atraviesan la línea costera para generar a cambio numerosos enlaces peatonales, entre ellos dos puentes entre ambas islas


Slussen presentará una nueva imagen en la costa de Södermalm, ampliando las visuales desde las calles adyacentes hacia el mar, creando numerosas plazas y paseos marítimos, con gran flexibilidad de uso que permita integrar espacios para la cultura con áreas de comercio y de recreo. El Katarinahissen histórico será renovado y ampliado con una nueva plataforma de observación en la parte superior para ampliar las vistas al archipiélago. Se incorpora a la zona un nuevo centro de intrecambio para el transporte que facilitara la circulación peatonal entre la estación de autobuses y el muelle, incorporando un espacio para guardar bicicletas, quioscos y cafeterías.

“Estoy encantado de que hayamos sido designado para diseñar el plan maestro de Slussen para revitalizar esta área tan importante y que  las generaciones futuras puedan disfrutarla. Esta es una maravillosa oportunidad para reforzar los vínculos entre las islas centrales de Estocolmo, Södermalm y Gamla Stan, para reparar el tejido de la ciudad y crear un nuevo destino que puede ser disfrutado en cualquier  momento del día y de la noche.”  Spencer de Grey, jefe de diseño de Foster & Partners

Marcelo Gardinetti, 2012©


Slussen Masterplan  

Por Ervin Schömer

The Slussen master plan is Scandinavia’s most difficult planning task.
We should relate to Slussens position in the Baltic region. Slussen is water running out point of a large area of land, to the north about 200 kilometers to the south 150 km, 350 km to the west, from the Lake Mälaren to the Baltic Sea. There is no other point where the water from the mainland.
Mälaren`s water level is the average of 800 mm above the Baltic Sea, therefore flows fresh water.Stockholm archipelago becoming “half salt”.
Stockholm established because of the lock at Slussen: Vikings Aft Chr. 4-500 years knocked down poles at Slussen. They controlled boat traffic to the former capital of Easter Sweden (Ostgötaland), to Birka, laing 30 km west of Slussen – well protected – and the Vikings took customs from passersby.
Today pays recreational traffic at Slussen same fee for passage through the locks of Slussen. The heavy traffic has different routs: From a long distant land to the industrial area of lake Mälaren, come the ships on the man-made routs.

Today’s lock was built during the 30’s: a really good road machine – designed by architect Tage William Ohlsson. Slussen connects mediates the Old Town, Södermalm, East and Southeast suburban communities’ traffic. Traffic machine is built of concrete and is about to fall apart.
Several contests and surveys have been conducted over the past 10 years on the restoration of the existing facility or new construction. Berg Architects office last proposal is the basis for municipal planning. The proposal has been protested by various political and expert groups. New initiatives have been made. Bergs proposal is now at the Environment Court for examination.
See pic at the top: Stockholm has no city ring. No decision has been taken in this regard, although already the 1950 Master Plan for the Stockholm (which was a sketch of the Regional Plan of Greater Stockholm) has proposed the ring. East ring is missing. No politician wishes to make a decision. It results that the East and Southeast suburban traffic is forced through the locks, and Slussen. It is unknown how long time? It is unnecessary, but it results large environmental disturbances. Berg’s proposal, according to the opposition (and me) develops too much of transit traffic at Slussen. Slussen is participating in the city ring road work.

Berg Architects proposal has positive implications as specified in Marcello Gardinettis article, I agree with that.
Some questionable features of the proposal, however, I like to describe:

The Masterplan see at the left side, are reported four new quarters of retail and office. They have come to finance the construction of the new Slussen. These areas today belong to the dock for commercial traffic. Existing buildings located one block away from the waterfront. The new blocks are proposed to stand on pillars to allow transfer traffic at the ground level. The new blocks come as a wedge into the water. It is a miss.

The Park area in front of the houses to the north is welcome, but will eventually be commercialized.

The proposal presents many unresolved traffic problems between pedestrians and motorists on the Slussen plan. (center of the pic).

The Southern Moutain hill of 150-200 meter over sea level, proposed a tunnel to serve as bus station to the eastern suburbs. It has difficult pedestrian contact with the underground metro and the city buses.

Previously, a large hall reported in Slussen plan`s northern part, the revised proposal, it’s park now, but the question is how long time?

In summary the proposal is a good step forward in Slussen`s design, but perhaps we should reflect on it.

Ervin Schömer Dr. architect, urban planner

Información de los arquitectos

Foster + Partners and Berg Arkitektkontor, part of C.F. Møller Architects, have been appointed to design a masterplan for the heart of Stockholm, transforming the waterfront area of Slussen from an urban aberration to a popular destination. The proposal will bring new life to the area, linking the islands of Södermalm and Gamla Stan and stripping away the layers of history to reclaim a valuable city quarter.

For so long separated by a maze of roads and acres of concrete, the two waterfronts will be linked by a new footbridge and the historic lock will be revealed once more to provide a symbol for the area’s regeneration. The masterplan re-establishes the waterfront to give Södermalm a new face. While contemporary in concept, the buildings that form the new city blocks continue the grain and scale of the adjacent urban quarter, retaining the long street views to the water and defining new public squares and extensive waterfront promenades. Their flexible nature allows for a rich mixture of uses, from culture and entertainment to shops and hotels, while the uninterrupted pedestrian quayside incorporates terraces, and promenades served directly by new cafés and restaurants.

At the heart of the new Slussen is an elegant footbridge, which fuses straight and S-shaped decks to complete the missing link in the north-south pedestrian route across central Stockholm. The historic Katarinahissen will also be renovated and extended to serve the quayside level, with a new observation deck built at its top to offer spectacular views over the city’s archipelago.

Reversing the dominance of the car, the scheme gives priority to pedestrians and cyclists. A new transport interchange is incorporated that allows easy pedestrian circulation between an upgraded metro station, bus station and the port quayside. A new lightweight, transparent structure with kiosks, a café and bicycle parking will also be created in front of the City Museum to provide street-level entrance to the naturally lit pedestrian mall and transport hub below.

Spencer de Grey, Head of Design at Foster + Partners, said: “I’m delighted that we have been appointed to design the masterplan for Slussen to revitalise this most important area for future generations to enjoy. This is a wonderful opportunity to reinforce the links between Stockholm’s central islands of Södermalm and Gamla Stan, to repair the fabric of the city and to create a lively new destination that can be enjoyed at all times of the day and night.”

Fotografías: ©Berg Arkitektkontor / Foster & Partners

TECNNE  |  Arquitectura + contextos

Escrito en: Plan Maestro
Autor: Marcelo Gardinetti
Fotografía: Berg Arkitektkontor / Foster & Partners
Cite: Ervin Schömer, Sulussen masterplan, Tecnne
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