ARQUITECTURAReseñas

Centro de ecología, meandro de biomas


National Ecology Center, Grimshaw and Samoo 

Infundido por características procedentes de la silueta de un río serpenteante, el Centro de Ecología resulta un organismo que evoluciona el terreno en la dinámica de sus formas. El conjunto está compuesto por cinco biomas, cada uno dedicado a una franja climática diferente. Estos biomas se disponen en formas semicirculares, semejantes a las producidas por la erosión del agua sobre la tierra.

Los espacios fueron diseñados como una serie continua. El diseño se estructura en la sumatoria de vigas de acero curvadas que sostienen láminas de cristal ligero. Estas transparencias ayudan a maximizar la luz natural en el interior de cada espacio. De esta forma, se promueve un crecimiento potente de las vegetaciones, eliminando la necesidad de iluminación eléctrica suplementaria.

Se ingresa al complejo a través de un gran vestíbulo. El plan conduce a los visitantes a través de los cinco biomas, formulados por una serie de jardines botánicos que permiten el contacto directo con la flora y la fauna de cada región

Se inicia el recorrido en la zona tropical, la mayor de las  semiesferas. En este espacio, la altura del arco superior permite que los árboles crezcan en el futuro. Secuencialmente, el paseo atraviesa los diferentes climas: sub-tropical, mediterráneo y templado. El invernadero final contiene una zona polar con temperatura bajo cero que ofrece a los visitantes la oportunidad de vivenciar un hábitat de pingüinos.

Este proyecto tiene como objetivo convertir el centro en un espacio para la educación y la investigación en ecología. En este sentido, formula una experiencia práctica de los diferentes ambientes ecológicos existentes en el mundo y la importancia de su conservación.

“El concepto del proyecto se inspira en la forma de un lago de meandro, un organismo acuático creado por la erosión en evolución de un río serpenteante”

©Marcelo Gardinetti | enero de 2014

Abstract

Infused by features from the silhouette of a meandering river, the Ecology Center is an organism evolving field in dynamic form. The set contains five biomes, each dedicated to a different climate zone. These biomes are arranged in semicircular shapes, similar to those produced by the erosion of water on earth. The spaces were designed as a continuum. The design is divided into the sum of curved steel beams that support glass sheets slightly. These slides help maximize natural light inside each space. Thus promotes a strong growth of vegetation, eliminating the need for additional electrical lighting.

Entering complex through a large lobby. The plan leads visitors through the five biomes, made ​​by a number of botanical gardens that allow direct contact with the flora and fauna of each region. The tour starts in the tropical zone, the largest of the hemispheres. The height of the upper arch allows trees to grow in the future. Sequentially, the walk through the different climates: subtropical, Mediterranean and temperate. The final greenhouse containing a polar Nearby freezing temperature that gives visitors the opportunity to experience a habitat of penguins. The project objective is to turn the center a space for education and research in ecology, formulating practical experience of the various existing ecological environments in the world and the importance of conservation.

TECNNE|  Arquitectura y Contextos


 

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