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Museo Soumaya, recinto solitario

soumaya tecnne

Nuevo Museo Soumaya, Fernando Romero + LAR (Laboratory of Architecture)

El nuevo Museo Soumaya construye su carácter orgánico por la rotación y torsión de una forma primaria, asentada en una estructura perimetral constituida por 28 columnas, que permiten una planta libre adaptable a las exigencias de cada exhibición. En cada piso, siete anillos proporcionan el soporte a la estructura y garantizan su estabilidad. Ubicado en uno de los lados de la Plaza Carso, en Polanco, una antigua zona industrial en auge a mediados del siglo pasado, tendrá un papel relevante en la reconversión urbana de la zona, aunque su perfil prescinde de cualquier relación con el contexto en favor de un carácter icónico.

 La trama estructural esta revestida por una envolvente de placas hexagonales de aluminio, que optimizan la preservación y la durabilidad del edificio. El acceso transfiere a un espacio multiuso que conduce a los espacios expositivos a través de una rampa. El área de exhibición abarca 6.000 m2 distribuidos en cinco niveles. Estas salas se vinculan por escaleras y ascensores,  circulaciones no lineales y salas de niveles intermedios. Al finalizar el recorrido, la luz natural se filtra a través de distintas pantallas colocadas en la cubierta para iluminar la sala. El museo incluye un auditorio para 350 personas y una biblioteca pública, cafetería y dependencias administrativas, además de áreas de estacionamiento y un depósito de 2.500 m2. Alberga una de las colecciones de arte más importantes del Mundo, la segunda colección de esculturas de Rodin y uno de los 12 modelos de La Piedad de Miguel Angel que existen en el mundo.

Marcelo Gardinetti, septiembre de 2012©

El diseño de FR-EE para el Museo Soumaya de 17,000 m2 rinde homenaje a su colección de arte ecléctica de cerca de 70,000 objetos desde el siglo 15 a mediados del 20. Incluye la mayor colección privada del mundo de esculturas de Auguste Rodin. El Museo Soumaya de 45,7 metros de altura se eleva en el corazón del nuevo desarrollo inmobiliario Plaza Carso en Polanco, un barrio vibrante y cosmopolita en Ciudad de México. La forma distinta del museo y de fuerte presencia crea una identidad para el área ex-industrial del 1940. Sirve además como un catalizador para un mayor desarrollo cultural Incluye un teatro de Anton García-Abril y el museo de arte contemporáneo Jumex por David Chipperfield.

El espacio público circundante se activa a través de una gran escalera que conduce a la entrada del museo, y que sirve como una plaza informal para los visitantes y lugareños del complejo adyacente Carso. Una piel de 16,000 fichas hexagonales y espejadas de acero, hace referencia a las tradicionales fachadas de cerámica de tejas coloniales y le da al museo una apariencia muy diversa, dependiendo de la hora, la época y el punto de vista del espectador, mientras se optimiza la conservación y durabilidad de todo el edificio.

En el interior, los visitantes se reúnen en un principio en El Pensador de Rodin en un vestíbulo blanco generoso que alienta a los huéspedes a explorar el museo. Subiendo por el paseo marítimo continuo que se tuerce en espiral a través de seis niveles del museo, los visitantes encontrarán obras maestras de Van Gogh, Matisse, Monet y Dalí, entre otras. La rampa conduce a la sala de exposiciones de la planta superior con un paisaje escultural gentilmente inundado de luz natural.

La compleja geometría y la forma escultórica del Museo Soumaya resulta de la integración de 28 columnas curvadas únicas de acero de diferentes tamaños, que forman la estructura del edificio. Para lograr voladizos en varios lados, la estructura se estabiliza mediante un sistema de siete anillos situados en cada planta. Áreas públicas y privadas adicionales de Soumaya Museo incluyen un auditorio de 350 asientos, una biblioteca, un restaurante, una tienda de regalos y oficinas administrativas.

En la planta superior, los visitantes entran en una sala de exposiciones sin columnas llena de luz natural. Además de las galerías, el Museo Soumaya incluye un auditorio con capacidad para 350 personas, biblioteca, restaurante, tienda de regalos y oficinas.

The Soumaya Museum is located in a former industrial zone dating from the 1940’s which today presents a very high commercial potential. The Soumaya Museum plays a key role in the reconversion of the area:  as a preeminent cultural program, it acts as an initiator in the transformation of the urban perception. Its avant-garde morphology and typology define a new paradigm in the history of Mexican and international architecture.

From the outside, the building is an organic and asymmetrical shape that is perceived differently by each visitor, while reflecting the diversity of the collection on the inside. Its heterogeneous collection is housed in a continuous exhibition space spread over six levels, representing approximately 60,000 ft². The building also includes an auditorium for 350 people, library, offices, a restaurant, a gift shop and a multi-purpose gathering lounge.

 

Dibujos e imágenes: © Fernando Romero + LAR /

Fotografía: ©Adam Wiseman.

Foto de portada: ©Rafael Gamo

TECNNE | Arquitectura y contextos


 

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