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Olson Kundig, Delta Shelter


Refugio costero Delta Shelter, Olson Kundig Architects

Este refugio puede establecerse en áreas naturales cercanas al curso de un río como el delta de Parana. La cabaña de 100 m2 esta construida en acero y elevada del terreno a través de columnas metálicas. El cuerpo de la vivienda esta constituido por paños alternados ciegos que a partir de una manivela interior corren sobre una guía y dejan a la vista las carpinterías en la mitad de la superficie de cada cara del volumen. El diseño de los paños ciegos permite un cierre hermético que resuelve el sellado para evitar el ingreso de agua de una eventual crecida.

Delta shelter Olson Kundig

El módulo tiene tres niveles: el inferior libre con un pequeño local para los servicios, enel primer nivel se ubica el dormitorio y en el segundo el estar y el comedor, para disfrutar de las vistas al paisaje circundante. Ambas plantas cuentan con una pequeña terraza que permite extender la actividad al exterior.

Memoria descriptiva del proyecto

Refugio Delta es una cabina de 100 metros cuadrados. Es en esencia una caja revestida de acero sobre pilotes que se puede cerrar por completo cuando el propietario no está. La traza de la casa de 20 metros cuadrados se eleva por encima de una llanura de inundación de 16 hectáreas —y 100 años— adyacente al Río Methow. La verticalidad, la coloración y la naturaleza en bruto de los materiales utilizados para la construcción responden directamente a la rusticidad del entorno. El propietario buscó un edificio compacto, fácil de mantener, virtualmente indestructible, para hospedarse a sí mismo y a sus amigos con motivo de divertirse y escalar en las montañas. Con un exterior de acero, la casa es virtualmente indestructible.

Delta shelter Olson Kundig

La cabina se compone de tres niveles: el nivel más bajo es mitad cochera, mitad servicios públicos y sala de almacenamiento; en el nivel medio se encuentra la entrada, dos dormitorios pequeños y baños; el nivel superior es un gran espacio que incluye áreas de estar, comedor y cocina. Las cubiertas de acero en voladizo se extienden desde los niveles superiores e intermedios y proporcionan espacio para dormir y de entretenimiento al aire libre.

Delta shelter Olson Kundig

La cabina está soportada por cuatro columnas de acero. Los pisos son de madera de 3″ x 6″ y las paredes exteriores de madera están revestidas con hojas de acero de calibre 16 laminadas en caliente, con sujetadores de acero expuestos. La mayor parte de la estructura, incluida la estructura de acero, los paneles del techo, los postigos y las escaleras, se prefabricaron fuera del sitio, lo que redujo los desperdicios in situ y la interrupción del sitio.

Delta shelter Olson Kundig

Debido a la prefabricación y al uso de madera contrachapada para todas las superficies interiores, el desperdicio típico de la construcción se mantuvo al mínimo. Además de construir una estructura lo más pequeña posible y limitar el impacto en el paisaje, la estrategia sostenible más singular del Refugio Delta fue poder abrir la estructura al medio ambiente y utilizar el poder humano como medio para hacerlo.

Delta shelter Olson Kundig

Los cuatro postigos, que miden 10′ x 18′, se pueden abrir y cerrar simultáneamente utilizando una rueda de mano que mueve los postigos sobre las partes vidriadas de cada fachada. Los postigos son operados por una serie de dispositivos mecánicos que incluyen un volante, ejes de transmisión, juntas tipo ‘U’, engranajes rectos y cables. Todas las ventanas son operables.

 

Fotografias: ©Benjamin Benschneider

Fotografia intermedia doble: ©Tim Bies

Interiores: Olson Kundig Architects.

TECNNE  |  Arquitectura + contextos


 

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