ARQUITECTURAReseñas

Viñoly, sitiar la historia

Viñoly Firstsite tecnne

 


Centro de Artes visuales Firstsite, Rafael Viñoly

El edificio del nuevo Centro de Artes visuales Firstsite se corresponde con la axialidad del sitio histórico y la arquitectura existente de uno de los más antiguos asentamientos romanos del Reino Unido. El proyecto de Rafael Viñoly se ubica en la ciudad de Clochester, la más antigua registrada en el Reino Unido a 90 Kilómetros al nordeste de Londres. Clochester fue capital de la Bretaña Romana y aún conserva intacta la muralla que la determina en su lado sur.

El diseño propone circundar un jardín del siglo XVII a partir de una geometría envolvente que lo contiene y se establece como telón de fondo del patio histórico. El Centro se montó sobre una platea de hormigón poco profunda, debido a la proximidad del edificio con áreas arqueológicas dispersas. La estructura del edificio se compone de un bastidor de acero revestido en una aleación de cobre y aluminio.

El acceso se plantea en un enorme pórtico definido sobre uno de sus extremos. El hall se relaciona con la circulación semicircular que acompaña la cara interior de la medialuna, estableciendo el vínculo visual entre las salas de exposición y el jardín. Las galerías se organizan sobre toda la longitud de media luna,  forma dinámica que favorece la circulación del sitio. El Centro de Artes visuales de Clochester se compone de 12 salas diferentes y un auditorio completando una superficie cubierta de 3.800 m2. Entre los objetos expuestos, el Centro alberga el mosaico Romano Berryfield, una pieza elaborada durante la conquista Romana que fue recientemente restaurado.

Marcelo Gardinetti, abril de 2013©

Viñoly Firstsite tecnne

Memoria descriptiva 

El plano del edificio es una media luna modificada que envuelve un jardín del siglo XVIII en forma de D. Se inclina hacia arriba en línea con la topografía del sitio, culminando en un pórtico monumental que enmarca el vestíbulo con acristalamiento a toda altura. Contemporáneo tanto en su forma como en su revestimiento, construido sobre una estructura de acero y envuelto en TECU Gold (una aleación de cobre y aluminio), el edificio se ajusta a la geometría axial del sitio y a la arquitectura preexistente de la época.
Todas las construcciones se ubican en elevaciones sobre la línea de referencia del Monumento Antiguo porque los artefactos arqueológicos enterrados impidieron la excavación. Por lo tanto, el edificio flota sobre una base de balsa de hormigón que no requirió una excavación profunda. Uno de esos artefactos, el Mosaico de Berryfield, está colocado en el suelo bajo el cristal protector, proporcionando un vistazo a la historia enterrada bajo el edificio. Los niveles internos trabajan con los contornos del sitio; doce niveles diferentes de losa de piso crean sutiles pendientes que atraen a la gente a través del edificio.

Un paseo interior lleva a los visitantes desde la amplia zona del vestíbulo hasta el auditorio, los espacios de la Universidad y el Mosaico, las zonas de aprendizaje y los espacios de la galería principal, para terminar en el café restaurante, MUSA. La forma curvada del edificio crea la sensación de viaje que permite a los visitantes encontrar obras de arte mientras caminan por el edificio. El café restaurante al final de este paseo proporciona un espacio social iluminado por ventanas de la oficina superior; incluye una terraza exterior con vistas a los jardines adyacentes. El espacio administrativo y las galerías alineadas en el arco interior del edificio presentan amplios acristalamientos que proporcionan luz natural y vistas al jardín adyacente del siglo XVIII. El delicado paisaje anima los espacios abiertos del jardín, incluyendo la iluminación diseñada por el artista Simon Periton.
De acuerdo con el mandato de diseño de convertir la tradicional galería de cubos blancos al revés, se mantiene una amplia iluminación natural y una clara orientación interna preservando las líneas de visión hacia el exterior. Las franjas de ventanas a nivel del suelo animan el diseño revelando a los visitantes del jardín el movimiento de la gente en su interior, a la vez que proporcionan una luz difusa al interior; las ventanas de la claraboya dan más luz natural.

Viñoly Firstsite tecnne

La apertura a escala de la entrada principal enfatiza la accesibilidad del edificio y lo define claramente como el punto de entrada. La fachada de 11 metros totalmente acristalada tiene una inclinación hacia afuera de 15 grados, lo que minimiza los reflejos a nivel del suelo y hace que el espacio de entrada sea más visible hacia el exterior.
El sitio, cerca del centro de la ciudad de uno de los primeros asentamientos romanos de Bretaña, se encuentra en el terreno del Monumento Antiguo Programado, con una muralla romana intacta que define el límite sur. Debido a que los restos arqueológicos están dispersos por todo el sitio, a las cargas máximas sobre el terreno y a la política de no excavar, el edificio tuvo que imponer una carga mínima sobre la topografía existente.

En el primer esfuerzo de revitalización del histórico barrio de St. Botolph de Colchester, el primer sitio ancla el plan de desarrollo a largo plazo de un distrito subutilizado. Rafael Viñoly Architects PC propuso una serie de revisiones al plan maestro original del St Botolph’s Quarter, todas las cuales fueron adoptadas posteriormente. El terreno de construcción propuesto se trasladó hacia el este, lejos del centro de la ciudad, redistribuyendo el área de reurbanización. Esto facilitó una relación más sensible entre el edificio y los bienes históricos de Colchester; concretamente, al preservar el carácter del corredor norte-sur de Queen Street/St Botolph’s Street, que conecta el Museo del Castillo de Colchester (al norte) y la estación de tren de la ciudad de Colchester (al sur) con una calle de curación suave a los edificios históricos.

La nueva ubicación sitúa el edificio en un parque, creando un nuevo espacio público como escenario apropiado para un destino cultural. (Se trasladó una estación de autobuses para dar cabida a esta construcción.) El lugar se encuentra ahora directamente al sur de la East Hill House del siglo XVIII, que figura en la lista del Grado 1, y cuyo primer emplazamiento da a un jardín en forma de D que le da su forma de media luna, y cuya locura gótica del Grado 2 se separó de la casa a mediados del siglo XX mediante la construcción de una estación de autobuses. La vista desde el museo a la muralla romana del siglo I subraya la importancia histórica de esta antigua estructura. Otras estructuras cercanas destacadas son la Iglesia de Santiago del siglo XII, que figura en la lista del grado 2, y la Galería de Arte Minories, esta última una casa georgiana de ladrillos rojos que sirvió como vivienda original de la primera sede y que ha sido una galería desde los años 50.

El auditorio está revestido internamente con tela acústica de diamantes, como una gamuza, y cáscaras de madera de cerezo europeo superpuestas. Se utilizará para proyecciones de películas, actuaciones, conferencias y presentaciones. Situado detrás del espacio de entrada, conduce a los visitantes a las principales zonas de la galería, que se definen por una variada paleta de materiales de un suelo de roble ahumado con amoníaco y paredes angulares/curvadas de cartón-yeso. La Galería de la Fundación para el Deporte y las Artes, un espacio para colgar con control climático y calidad de museo, va acompañado de muchas oportunidades de exhibición adaptables. La configuración espacial flexible promueve la interacción entre los visitantes y los artistas, ya que los espacios pueden abrirse a las galerías para abarcar el aprendizaje, las residencias de artistas y las exposiciones. Los espacios programados se agrupan, con los espacios de aprendizaje en una zona, las instalaciones de conferencias y administración en otra, las galerías y los espacios para artistas concentrados cerca del centro del edificio, y el café restaurante MUSA en el extremo oriental.

©Rafael Viñoly Architects

Fotografias:  Portada e interiror: ©Will Pryce / Galeria; © Richard Bryant –

Imágenes: ©Rafael Viñoly Architects

TECNNE | Arquitectura y contextos


 

Comments (100)

  1. I dugg some of you post as I thought they were extremely helpful invaluable

  2. Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you penning this write-up and the rest of the site is also really good.

  3. Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good results. If you know of any please share. Cheers!

  4. Great post however I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this topic? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit further. Appreciate it!

  5. Thanks for your personal marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed reading it, you could be a great author.I will be sure to bookmark your blog and definitely will come back later on. I want to encourage that you continue your great writing, have a nice holiday weekend!

  6. Hello! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  7. It¡¦s actually a nice and helpful piece of info. I¡¦m happy that you just shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  8. Hello, Neat post. There is an issue together with your web site in web explorer, might test this¡K IE nonetheless is the market chief and a large part of folks will pass over your excellent writing because of this problem.

  9. Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea

  10. Hello my family member! I want to say that this article is amazing, nice written and come with almost all vital infos. I would like to peer extra posts like this .

  11. Wow, incredible blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is great, as well as the content!

  12. Great ¡V I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, website theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task..

  13. Thanks , I have just been searching for info approximately this topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I have found out so far. But, what about the bottom line? Are you sure about the source?

  14. Hi there, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam feedback? If so how do you prevent it, any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any support is very much appreciated.

  15. Hi, i think that i saw you visited my site thus i came to “return the favor”.I am trying to find things to improve my site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  16. I wanted to thanks for this good read!! I definitely enjoyed every bit of it. I have you bookmarked to look at new things you post…

  17. hey there and thank you for your information – I’ve definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise some technical points using this web site, as I experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look out for a lot more of your respective exciting content. Make sure you update this again soon..

  18. Thanks for some other informative site. Where else may just I get that kind of info written in such an ideal means? I’ve a mission that I am just now working on, and I’ve been at the look out for such info.

  19. I simply could not depart your web site before suggesting that I extremely enjoyed the standard information an individual provide to your guests? Is gonna be again incessantly in order to check up on new posts

  20. I¡¦ve recently started a website, the info you offer on this web site has helped me tremendously. Thank you for all of your time & work.

  21. I simply could not depart your web site before suggesting that I extremely enjoyed the usual info a person provide to your guests? Is gonna be again regularly in order to inspect new posts

  22. I’ve been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this blog. Thanks , I will try and check back more often. How frequently you update your site?

  23. I just wanted to write a brief word to be able to say thanks to you for these amazing tips and tricks you are writing on this site. My considerable internet look up has finally been recognized with brilliant facts and strategies to write about with my friends. I would express that we readers are rather endowed to live in a notable network with very many outstanding people with very helpful strategies. I feel pretty grateful to have seen your entire webpages and look forward to so many more fabulous moments reading here. Thank you once again for a lot of things.

  24. I have to voice my affection for your kind-heartedness supporting individuals that must have guidance on this important area of interest. Your very own dedication to passing the message all around had become remarkably interesting and has consistently helped some individuals just like me to realize their desired goals. Your personal useful publication can mean a whole lot a person like me and much more to my fellow workers. Best wishes; from all of us.

  25. There is perceptibly a lot to know about this. I suppose you made various good points in features also.

  26. Someone necessarily lend a hand to make critically articles I might state. This is the very first time I frequented your website page and up to now? I surprised with the analysis you made to create this actual submit incredible. Fantastic task!

  27. My husband and i got thrilled that Chris managed to finish off his survey with the precious recommendations he was given through the web pages. It’s not at all simplistic just to be giving for free ideas that others might have been selling. So we fully understand we have got you to be grateful to because of that. The most important illustrations you’ve made, the easy site navigation, the friendships your site help to instill – it is all unbelievable, and it’s aiding our son in addition to us reason why the situation is brilliant, which is certainly exceedingly pressing. Thanks for the whole thing!

  28. There is evidently a bunch to know about this. I suppose you made certain nice points in features also.

  29. I want to express appreciation to the writer just for rescuing me from this trouble. As a result of looking out throughout the search engines and getting strategies which were not helpful, I figured my life was gone. Existing without the approaches to the difficulties you have resolved through this review is a critical case, and those that could have in a wrong way damaged my career if I hadn’t discovered your web blog. Your good knowledge and kindness in taking care of the whole lot was very useful. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come upon such a point like this. I am able to at this moment look forward to my future. Thanks for your time so much for this specialized and amazing guide. I won’t think twice to suggest the blog to anybody who should have support on this subject.

  30. Hello there, You have done a fantastic job. I will definitely digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I am sure they’ll be benefited from this website.

  31. I think other web site proprietors should take this web site as an model, very clean and wonderful user genial style and design, let alone the content. You’re an expert in this topic!

  32. Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is really informative. I am going to watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  33. I delight in, result in I found exactly what I was looking for. You have ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  34. A lot of thanks for all your valuable effort on this website. My daughter take interest in doing investigation and it’s easy to see why. We all know all concerning the powerful medium you give very helpful guides by means of the blog and in addition cause response from people on the concept while our own girl is now being taught a lot. Have fun with the rest of the new year. Your carrying out a useful job.

  35. Great ¡V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task..

  36. My spouse and i got very fortunate when Michael could deal with his homework through the precious recommendations he acquired out of the web pages. It’s not at all simplistic just to always be giving for free helpful tips that many the rest might have been selling. And we fully grasp we’ve got you to be grateful to for that. The explanations you made, the easy web site navigation, the relationships you will assist to create – it’s all exceptional, and it is aiding our son in addition to the family reckon that this matter is thrilling, which is certainly exceptionally indispensable. Many thanks for the whole thing!

  37. I intended to post you a little remark so as to say thanks once again on the pleasing concepts you have documented on this page. This has been simply strangely open-handed of you to give unreservedly what exactly a lot of people could possibly have offered for an e book in order to make some bucks on their own, particularly since you might have tried it in the event you wanted. These principles additionally worked like the fantastic way to be sure that some people have the same fervor much like mine to find out very much more in terms of this matter. I am certain there are many more enjoyable periods ahead for individuals that find out your website.

  38. I do agree with all the concepts you have introduced for your post. They’re very convincing and will definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are too short for novices. May just you please lengthen them a little from subsequent time? Thank you for the post.

  39. magnificent points altogether, you simply received a new reader. What may you suggest about your submit that you made some days ago? Any certain?

  40. I just want to mention I am all new to weblog and truly loved your web site. Probably I’m want to bookmark your blog post . You amazingly have good article content. With thanks for sharing your web-site.

Comment here