ARQUITECTURAReseñas

Biblioteca de Maranello, sinuosidad disuelta

Arata Isozaki tecnne

Nueva Biblioteca de Maranello, Arata Isozaki y Andrea Maffei

Inserto en una trama de edificios ortogonales, los muros transparentes y ondulantes de la nueva Biblioteca de Maranello crean un efecto positivo en el sitio, de franca renovación y dialogo respetuoso con su entorno. La biblioteca está ubicada en un área cercana al centro de la ciudad, sobre una parcela que fue ocupada por un antiguo edificio, cuyo paso aún se refleja en los muros perimetrales exteriores.

A pesar del contraste volumétrico respecto a las sólidas estructuras de los edificios aledaños, la pureza de sus líneas sinuosas no confronta la rigidez de la trama urbana, beneficiado por la transparencia de sus cerramientos que evita la constitución de un plano visual inmediato. De este modo, el interior de la biblioteca establece el dialogo con la calle de manera directa y se integra a ella confundiendo los límites físicos que la contienen.

Cuando el nuevo edificio toca el límite de la vereda, el cerramiento serpenteante se hace plano para componer el acceso al edificio. Un pequeño voladizo jerarquiza ese espacio recomponiendo la curva abruptamente cortada. Atravesando la puerta, la planta baja es ocupada casi en su totalidad por la sala de lectura que se integra con una pequeña sala de juegos. En el subsuelo se ubican el resto de las dependencias: un amplio espacio para conferencias, una sala de reuniones y el archivo digital de la biblioteca.

El blanco es el color predominante en el interior. Se repite en muros, solados, cielorrasos, armarios y muebles en general, y permite acrecentar la luminosidad generada por las enormes superficies de cristal. En el exterior, un estaque poco profundo bordea el perímetro de la sala principal, proponiendo un dialogo con la naturaleza que se completa con las tramas de hiedra que cubren los muros medianeros.

La integración visual de la calle con la biblioteca disuelve las formas sinuosas de su estructura, y de este modo potencia la revitalización de un sitio urbano consolidado dilucidando un interrogante de cotejo formal, que a priori resultaba de complicada lectura.

Marcelo Gardinetti, Diciembre de 2012

Inserted in a grid of orthogonal buildings, the transparent and undulating walls of the new Maranello Library create a positive effect on the site, of frank renovation and respectful dialogue with its surroundings. The library is located in an area close to the city centre, on a plot that was occupied by an old building, whose passage is still reflected in the outer perimeter walls.
In spite of the volumetric contrast with the solid structures of the neighbouring buildings, the purity of its sinuous lines does not confront the rigidity of the urban fabric, benefited by the transparency of its enclosures that prevents the constitution of an immediate visual plane. In this way, the interior of the library establishes a direct dialogue with the street and integrates into it, confusing the physical limits that contain it. When the new building touches the limit of the sidewalk, the winding enclosure becomes flat to compose the access to the building. A small cantilevered roof gives that space a hierarchy, recomposing the abruptly cut curve. Through the door, the ground floor is occupied almost entirely by the reading room which is integrated with a small games room. The rest of the rooms are located in the basement: a large space for conferences, a meeting room and the library’s digital archive. White is the predominant colour in the interior. It is repeated on walls, floors, ceilings, cabinets and furniture in general, and allows the luminosity generated by the enormous glass surfaces to be increased. On the outside, a shallow pond borders the perimeter of the main room, proposing a dialogue with nature that is completed with the ivy plots that cover the dividing walls. The visual integration of the street with the library dissolves the sinuous forms of its structure, and in this way enhances the revitalisation of a consolidated urban site by elucidating a question of formal comparison, which a priori was difficult to read.

Fotografía: ©Alessandra Chemollo

TECNNE | Arquitectura y contextos


 

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