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Morphosis, acuerdos sugerentes

Morphosis tecnne

Escuela de artes Emerson College de Los Ángeles, Morphosis

Organizar un relato compositivo nacido en la combinación de figuras de diferente estructura formal puede suministrar resultados sugerentes. En ese camino, Morphosis estructura el diseño de la Escuela de artes, erigiendo dos torres paralelas conectadas en el nivel superior para enmarcan una serie de volúmenes irregulares que rasgan su geometría. La semejanza de la estructura principal con el Arc de La Defense es sugerente. Su inserción en espacio urbano resulta estimulante sobre la avenida y opresiva sobre el resto de los lados. A nivel de calle, un zócalo transparente proporciona el vínculo con la ciudad. Por encima, el edificio muestra sus dos realidades: lados permeables y agitados sobre uno de sus ejes, lados opacos de absoluta sobriedad sobre el otro.

Las torres laterales contienen las áreas residenciales de la escuela. En la parte superior, una sala multiusos cubre la distancia entre ambos edificios para establecer el vínculo necesario entre ambas torres. Ocupando el interior del recuadro, una serie de volúmenes se desarrollan con total libertad para alojar las instalaciones necesarias para la enseñanza y la administración. Estas figuras proporcionan una serie de terrazas enlazadas con puentes de conexión que permiten crear salas al aire libre. Estos espacios intersticiales promueven también la actividad social informal y el intercambio entre alumnos de distintas carreras.

Las fachadas exteriores están revestidas por una piel automatizada que abre o cierra las aletas horizontales en respuesta a las condiciones climáticas, otorgando un carácter versátil a la fachada. Los lados interiores de las torres están protegidos de la luz solar por una membrana metálica ondulada que cubre toda la superficie. En el desarrollo de los espectáculos al aire libre montados sobre las terrazas del edificio, la malla se convierte en telón de fondo de las actividades.

“Todo el edificio se convierte en un escenario montado para películas de estudiantes, proyecciones y eventos de la industria, con el letrero de Hollywood, la ciudad de Los Angeles y el Océano Pacífico en la distancia que proporciona el paisaje agregado” Morphosis

©Marcelo Gardinetti

Un campus universitario condensado en un sitio urbano

Con sede en Boston, Massachusetts, Emerson es reconocida por su currículo de comunicación y arte. Ubicado en el corazón de Hollywood, Emerson College Los Angeles (ELA) define la identidad del College en el centro de la industria del entretenimiento y la segunda ciudad más grande de los Estados Unidos. La nueva instalación establece un hogar permanente en Sunset Boulevard para el programa de pasantías de Emerson College que extenderá la experiencia de ELA a los estudiantes que estudian en cualquiera de las siete disciplinas que se ofrecen a través de la Escuela de Comunicación y la Escuela de las Artes. Además, ELA ofrecerá programas de estudios de postgrado, certificados y profesionales. Las nuevas instalaciones también albergarán talleres, conferencias y otros eventos para involucrar a los ex-alumnos y a la comunidad de Los Ángeles.

Al reunir el alojamiento estudiantil, las instalaciones de enseñanza y las oficinas administrativas en un solo lugar, ELA condensa la diversidad de un campus universitario en un sitio urbano. Evocando la energía concentrada de los centros metropolitanos de la costa este en un entorno icónico de Los Ángeles, surge un rico diálogo entre los antecedentes educativos de los estudiantes y su futuro profesional.

Fundamental para la experiencia de Emerson Los Angeles, las circunstancias de vida de los estudiantes dan estructura al edificio en general. Alojando hasta 217 estudiantes, las zonas domésticas enmarcan un núcleo dinámico dedicado a la creatividad, el aprendizaje y la interacción social. Compuesto por dos esbeltas torres residenciales unidas por una plataforma multiusos, el marco cuadrado de 10 pisos encierra un volumen central abierto para crear una “habitación” flexible al aire libre. Una forma esculpida que alberga aulas y oficinas administrativas entreteje el vacío, definiendo terrazas de varios niveles y espacios intersticiales activos que fomentan la actividad social informal y la polinización cruzada creativa. Con vistas a la terraza de varios niveles, los pasillos exteriores de las suites de estudiantes y las salas comunes están sombreados por una tela metálica ondulada y texturizada que cubre toda la altura de la cara interior de las torres.

Mirando al contexto local, el centro encuentra un precedente provocativo en la interioridad de los estudios de cine de Hollywood, donde las fachadas exteriores regulares albergan espacios flexibles y fantásticos. Con aparejos para pantallas, conexiones de medios, sonido e iluminación incorporados en el marco, la plataforma superior sirve como un armazón flexible para actuaciones al aire libre, transformando la tela ondulada en un telón de fondo visual dinámico. El edificio entero se convierte en un escenario para películas estudiantiles, proyecciones y eventos de la industria, con el letrero de Hollywood, la ciudad de Los Ángeles y el Océano Pacífico a lo lejos proporcionando un escenario adicional.

Anticipado a alcanzar la calificación LEED Gold, el nuevo centro defiende el compromiso de Emerson con el diseño sostenible y la responsabilidad comunitaria. Las torres residenciales, que definen las fachadas del edificio hacia el este y el oeste, presentan una piel exterior activa. En respuesta a las condiciones climáticas locales, el sistema automatizado de sombrillas abre y cierra las aletas horizontales fuera de la cortina de vidrio de alto rendimiento para minimizar la ganancia de calor y maximizar la luz del día y las vistas. Otras iniciativas ecológicas incluyen el uso de materiales de construcción reciclados y rápidamente renovables, la instalación de instalaciones eficientes para reducir el uso de agua en un 40%, el ahorro de energía en calefacción y refrigeración a través de un sistema de valencia pasiva, y una infraestructura de gestión y puesta en marcha del edificio para supervisar y optimizar la eficiencia de todos los sistemas.”

Morphosis

Fotografía: ©Iwan Baan

TECNNE  |  Arquitectura y contextos 


                                 

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