ARQUITECTURAReseñas

Dinámica de los glaciares

museo del hielo tecnne

Museo del Hielo Patagónico, Santiago Cordeyro y Pablo Güiraldes

Las convenciones alcanzadas en la composición del museo del hielo patagónico provienen de la observación del movimiento pausado e imprevisible de las formas de la naturaleza. El paisaje de glaciares que rodea el museo muestra una variación formal permanente propia de cualquier fenómeno climatológico, estableciendo un espectáculo de movimientos imperceptibles que transforma la escenografía del lugar de manera constante.

El edificio se compone de cuatro cuerpos, uno principal donde se encuentra el hall de ingreso, el bar y las oficinas y tres pabellones radiales que contienen un auditorio y dos salas de exposiciones. Estas salas se vinculan con el hall mediante circulaciones.

El volumen principal establece el carácter del conjunto. Se compone de un volumen rectangular de caras vidriadas, con tres pequeñas torres verticales yuxtapuestas que aluden en su grafía la dinámica de los glaciares. En el subsuelo se encuentra el bar del hielo, equipado con bloques de hielo que se desprenden de los Glaciares de la zona.

Dos de los pabellones traseros alojan los contenidos temáticos y audiovisuales y el tercero contiene un auditorio con una antesala. Los tres pabellones se desarrollan en horizontal y sus formas permiten contrarrestar los vientos predominantes en la región.

El edificio se construyó con materiales de uso frecuentes en la zona: chapa metálica en los pabellones y mampostería en las torres de servicios. La chapa acanalada empleada en su color natural resulta un material abstracto que acentúa las líneas de los pabellones.

“El proyecto del Museo se basó en esta sensación de fuerzas básicas y elementos simples que se mueven de forma lenta y majestuosa frente a nosotros”.

Marcelo Gardinetti, noviembre de 2013©

The agreements reached in the composition of the Patagonian ice museum, comes from the observation of slow and unpredictable movement of the forms of nature. The glacial landscape surrounding the museum displays a permanent formal variation itself of any weather phenomenon, establishing a performance imperceptible movement that transforms the scenery of the place steadily. The building consists of four bodies, one main where is the entrance hall, bar and offices and three radial pavilions containing an auditorium and two exhibition halls. These rooms are linked to the hall by circulations. The main volume sets the character set. It consists of a rectangular volume of glazed faces, with three small vertical towers juxtaposed allude in their spelling dynamics of glaciers. In the basement there is the ice bar, equipped with ice blocks flowing from the glaciers in the area. Two rear pavilions house the thematic content and audiovisual and the third contains an auditorium with an anteroom. The three pavilions are developed horizontally and forms allow counteract the prevailing winds in the region. The building was constructed using materials common in the area: sheet metal canopies and masonry towers. The corrugated iron used in its natural color is abstract material that accentuates the lines of the pavilions.

Fotografías: ©Cordeyro-Güiraldes

Artículo relacionado: Relieves urbanos

TECNNE  |  Arquitectura y contextos


 

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