Desarrollos diferenciales

Ypenburg, MVRDV

Los desarrollos de planificación central de los Países Bajos desarrollados en la década de 1990 dieron lugar a la construcción de un compromiso gigante: millones de casas suburbanas están en construcción, la combinación de una casa de poca altura con un entorno relativamente denso. Esto conduce a entornos que no son ni urbanos ni rurales, o incluso suburbios, sino más bien casas con muy pequeños jardines y ambientes claustrofóbicos. ¿Cómo podemos escapar de esta claustrofobia mientras se trabaja dentro de las limitaciones difíciles del sitio?

Dentro de las 7.000 nuevas viviendas construidas en el barrio residencial de vivienda Ypenburg cerca de La Haya, el área Waterwijk tiene una posición especial. En comparación con otras estrategias en el plan general, Waterwijk se esfuerza por crear un ambiente más intenso centrado en el agua como una manera de aumentar la atracción del barrio y posicionarlo para competir mejor con los demás. Este enfoque ha llevado a cabo girando el área de vivienda en un archipiélago de islas con casas. La pregunta para MVRDV fue cómo realizar o fortalecer un archipiélago como este con las posibilidades técnicas impulsadas por el mercado?

Una diversidad de enfoques de desarrollos diferenciales de riesgo. Esto dio lugar a una elección de tantos ambientes de vida diferentes como sea posible en cada grupo de islas: casas con patio, casas con jardín, casas alrededor de un tribunal y departamentos. La diferencia en el carácter se maximiza por diferentes opciones de instalaciones verdes, diferentes medidas ecológicas, iluminación diferente, diferente pavimento y diferentes materiales para las casas de cada isla.

El tamaño, 900 casas en total, permite la experimentación. ¿Es cierto que el 10 por ciento del presupuesto de un proyecto puede ser dedicado a la experimentación? De acuerdo con los principios de la economía, la experimentación puede ocurrir mientras los restantes hogares llevan menos riesgo. Al ahorrar costes en una isla, proveyendo a las islas menos muelles con menos infraestructura y un menor número de detalles, permitió la inversión en otra isla de nuevos entornos experimentales. Diferentes arquitectos han trabajado en el plan maestro para maximizar aún más su diversidad arquitectónica.


Créditos: Ypenburg, The Hague, Netherlands, 1998-2005 / Programa: 900 viviendas, 6 ha / Fase del Concurso: Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs, Nathalie de Vries Tom Mossel, Carolien Ligtenberg y Christelle Gualdi / Fase de diseño: Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs, Nathalie de Vries Renske van der Stoep, Bart Spee, Tom Mossel, Frans de Witte, Carolien Ligtenberg

Fotografías: ©MVRDV

Artículo relacionado: Puente de la ciudad

TECNNE  |  Arquitectura + contextos


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