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Plan Maestro de Almere

MVRDV, Almere 2030, tecnne

 


Almere 2030, MVRDV

El plan conceptual para la ciudad de Almere, elaborado por MVRDV junto a la Alcaldía de la ciudad, está propuesto en términos de desarrollo económico, social y cultural, para acompañar el crecimiento de la ciudad, en una planificación que abarca hasta el año 2030.

El plan se establece en las cuatro áreas principales de Almere, cada una con su lógica y su propia identidad:  Almere IJ-land, una nueva isla en el IJ-lago, Almere Pampus, un barrio abierto a la vivienda experimental, Almere Centre, el centro de la ciudad extendido alrededor del lago central, y Oosterwold, un área dedicada al urbanismo, zona más rural y ecológica.

“La visión 2030 no es un proyecto, sino una estrategia de desarrollo flexible. Es un marco que puede ser llenado por la gente de la ciudad. Al ser flexibles, creamos posibilidades de ajustar los planes a las oportunidades futuras”. Almere quiere desarrollarse según esta visión de estructura para convertirse en una ciudad ecológica, social y económicamente sostenible. F Se necesitan grandes inversiones en infraestructura para conectar la ciudad y su total previsto de 350.000 habitantes a sus alrededores y a Ámsterdam.”

Estos desarrollos están vinculados por la red de infraestructura que une la ciudad de Almere con el área metropolitana de Amsterdam.  Almere planifico un crecimiento para la ciudad de 60.000 viviendas y la radicación de instalaciones para crear 100.000 nuevos puestos de trabajo en los próximos 25 años. Este crecimiento convertirá a Almere en la quinta ciudad de los Paises Bajos.

MVRDV, Almere 2030, tecnne

Memoria descriptiva

La nueva ciudad holandesa Almere planea crecer con 60.000 casas, 100.000 lugares de trabajo e instalaciones relacionadas. De esta manera Almere se convertirá en la quinta ciudad más grande de los Países Bajos en un esfuerzo por aliviar y ofrecer nuevas cualidades al urbanizado oeste de los Países Bajos. MVRDV fue comisionado para colaborar con la ciudad para diseñar una visión de estructura conceptual para acomodar este crecimiento.

El crecimiento tendrá lugar en cuatro áreas principales: Almere IJ-land, una nueva isla frente a la costa en el lago IJ, Almere Pampus, un barrio centrado en el lago y abierto a la vivienda experimental, Almere Centre, un centro urbano ampliado que rodea el lago central, y Oosterwold, una zona dedicada a un urbanismo más rural y orgánico. Juntas, las propuestas forman el nuevo marco para acompañar el crecimiento de la ciudad hasta 2030.

Junto con toda la junta de concejales de la ciudad y el alcalde, Adri Duivesteijn, concejal de la ciudad de Almere y Winy Maas del MVRDV, presentaron la visión del concepto de estructura a los ministros de Transporte, Obras Públicas y Gestión del Agua (V&W), Camiel Eurlings y la ministra de Vivienda, Ordenación del Territorio y Medio Ambiente, Jacqueline Cramer (VROM) el 26 de junio. El diseño de IJland ha sido una colaboración con Adriaan Geuze de West8 y William McDonough de McDonough and Partners.

“La visión de la estructura de Almere es más que un plan maestro urbano. Describe cómo la ciudad se puede desarrollar en términos económicos, culturales y sociales. La expansión no es un esfuerzo cuantitativo. A pesar de que el número de 60.000 nuevas viviendas es impresionante, el objetivo principal es la incorporación de nuevas cualidades. Almere quiere servir a la demanda del Randstad y al mismo tiempo necesita la oportunidad de convertirse en una ciudad ecológica, social y económicamente sostenible”

MVRDV, Almere 2030, tecnne

El Eje: Hoy en día Almere es una ciudad con 185.000 habitantes, hace 30 años era una extensión de tierra vacía reclamada al mar. El crecimiento preservará y ampliará aún más el modelo de Almere de una ciudad polinuclear. Diversificará la ciudad existente añadiendo varias densidades, programas y caracteres que aún no existen en la situación actual.

La visión consiste en cuatro grandes áreas de desarrollo, cada una con su propio carácter, lógica e identidad. Estas nuevas áreas de desarrollo están vinculadas por un eje de infraestructura que conecta el área metropolitana de Ámsterdam con Almere. Entre las dos ciudades Almere IJ-land (refiriéndose a IJ-lake) es un conector, tanto literalmente como en términos económicos y culturales. El eje conduce entonces al campus de Almere, al centro de Almere y a Oosterwold en el este, y en el futuro continuará uniendo Utrecht.

Almere IJ-land: Junto con West 8 y William McDonough, MVRDV trabajó en la oportunidad única de diseñar una serie de islas urbanas y reservas naturales. La nueva conexión ferroviaria con Ámsterdam y una necesaria intervención ecológica en el lago IJ ofrecieron el potencial de proponer la creación de una zona habitable de 5.000 a 10.000 viviendas, combinada con el desarrollo de la naturaleza. El lago IJ combina intervenciones ecológicas e infraestructurales con la posibilidad de vivir y trabajar en un entorno ribereño natural. La isla también podría ser parte de la posible candidatura holandesa para los Juegos Olímpicos de 2028.

Almere Pampus: Esta zona combinará el sentimiento de una ciudad costera con alta densidad y dará cabida a 20.000 viviendas; todas las calles dentro de Almere Pampus conducirán al bulevar del lago. El puerto de mantenimiento existente se reutilizará para el ocio y los pueblos flotantes. Habrá una nueva estación de tren con una plaza en la costa.

Centro de Almere: El centro actual crecerá y se extenderá a la orilla sur de Weerwater, convirtiendo el lago central en el parque Weerwater y se convertirá con el tiempo en el corazón cultural y económico de la ciudad. En el cruce del nuevo eje, la autopista y la conexión ferroviaria, se cubrirá la autopista haciendo posible un desarrollo adyacente de hasta 5.000 viviendas, oficinas y servicios públicos. La estación central se convertirá en un centro económico y estará rodeada de un nuevo programa.

Almere Oosterwold: Esta gran área en el este ofrece espacio para hasta 18.000 nuevas casas y una variedad de funciones como centros de negocios y tiendas. Se desarrollará siguiendo iniciativas individuales y colectivas, desde la pequeña a la gran escala, con parcelas que siempre están rodeadas de desarrollo de la naturaleza, agricultura urbana o parques locales. La zona reservará áreas para su futuro desarrollo después de 2030.

Winy Maas seguirá involucrado en el desarrollo de la visión de la estructura conceptual en un papel de supervisión. MVRDV tiene una larga historia de compromiso con Almere: Los proyectos anteriores incluyen dos estudios sobre nuevas formas de desarrollo urbano orgánico para Almere Hout y Almere Homeruskwartier, un estudio para el Boulevard A6 y el estudio para el puerto Pampus, un barrio de 500 viviendas flotantes. Jacob van Rijs del MVRDV trabaja actualmente en una parte del Olympiakwartier, un denso distrito urbano de un total de 220.000 m2 de uso mixto con instalaciones públicas.

©MVRDV

Fotografías: ©MVRDV

TECNNE  |  Arquitectura + contextos


 

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